Magnemometry

The plan was / is to use two simple 3-axis magnetometers to find metal 'things'.

In the absence of any influence from magnetic material, the X, Y and Z components of the local magnetic field measured by two separated but similarly oriented magnetometers will be the same: the difference between each component will be zero.


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When the local magnetic field is disturbed there will be a difference between the measured values in one, two or all of the X, Y and Z components. Recording these differences is a potential means of detecting magnetic variations (that could be due to buried treasure, etc.)

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In fact, the variation should be detected twice: once when it affects the first magnetometer and once when it affects the second (but in the opposite direction. The actualité is that the magnetometers face in different directions.

Using a Parallax Propeller to read the raw data from each magnetometer simultaneously and then:

- Calculate the difference between the two in the x, y and z axes
- Subtract a rolling average of the difference from the instantaneous values - this is to try and get values about zero.
- The output from the Prop is a serial stream of x, y and z values about zero. It relies heavily on object CompassBasicDemo140512b by Duane Degn.

The plots below show the effect of a small pair of pliers being waved approximately 6" from the magnetometers. The final output is the vector product (the square-root of the sum of the square of the value on each axis) of the differences between the two sets of reading (i.e., x, y, and z axis), biased towards zero by the subtraction of a 40-sample rolling average.